A device which utilizes an air pump to suck up dust and dirt by creating a partial vacuum is known as vacuum cleaner. It is generally used for cleaning the floors and also other surfaces. The vacuum consists of a cyclone or a dust bag that is used for collecting the dirt which is disposed later. These vacuum cleaning equipments are used for domestic as well as for industrial purposes and are available in a variety of models and sizes which include domestic central vacuum cleaners, small battery operated hand-held devices, huge stationary industrial appliances which are capable of handling litres of dust before emptying and vacuum tracks which are self-propelled and are utilized for removing contaminated soil and recovering large spills.
Vacuum cleaners are available in an extensive variety of configurations, designs and technologies for both commercial and domestic cleaning jobs. Shop vac or drum models are mainly heavy-duty Industrial Cleaning Equipments which are cylinder in shape and comprises of canisters with large vertically positioned drums that are on wheels or are stationary. The smaller versions of these cleaners are used in small workshops and garages and these are powered electrically. Larger models of these cleaners are capable of storing 53 US gallons or 200 litres of compressed air and the partial vacuum in these cleaners are produced by using the Venturi effect. Many workshops also utilize dust collection systems which are already built-in.
The Industrial Vacuum cleaners which are utilized in various manufacturing facilities and also in industrial plants. These cleaners hook up to compressed air and are a particular form of dry or wet models. It can contain both dry and wet soil-age.
The principle of cyclonic separation is used by the Portable Vacuum Cleaners. This principle is based on the process of dirt separation which is utilized by the central vacuum systems. Filtration bags are not utilized by cyclonic cleaners. A detachable cylindrical collection bin or vessel is used by these cleaners to separate the dust. The collection vessel sucks dust and air at a great speed to the vessel wall’s tangential direction and a fast spinning vortex is created. The centrifugal force moves the debris and the dust to the outside of the vessel, where due to gravity they fall.
The central vacuum cleaners which have fixed installation, do not require further filtration and directly the cleaned air is exhausted outside. When the vessel for collection is almost full, the suction power is lost by the well designed cyclonic filtration system. The filter bags in contrast lose suction ability when the pores present on the filter get clogged due to the collected dust and dirt.
Wet & Dry Vacuum Cleaners are dedicated form of drum or cylinder models which are utilized for cleaning the liquid or wet spills. These cleaners are fabricated to be used in both outdoors and indoors and have the capability of accommodating both dry and wet soil-age. For reversing the airflow these cleaners are equipped with exhaust port or switch which is also utilized in everything from blowing dust to cleaning the clogged hose.
All types of vacuum cleaning equipments are available online. Persons interested can browse the internet for availing these cleaners directly from the manufacturers.